Monday, February 05, 2007

The Source of the Legend -SRCM/Sufi Lineage- Part 1 of Research Paper

This is the result of many years of research in many languages and will be the definitive historical perspective of the SRCMtm Sufi lineage from outside the Mission. (first draft for comment).

The research was compiled and written by Alexis who was also the main researcher along with Christian, Michael, Elodie and Madeleine and many more, with information coming from many other outside sources in the broader Sufi community. (See references below for more details on the bibliographical sources)

Taken from Elodie's Blog (in the comments section to article "Une Premiere Circulaire de Tiripur" dated Jan 27, 07)
Translated using "Google Translate".

Intro (Alexis said)

With much delay, here my small summary of the legend of the origins. It is yet but a base, it will obviously be evolutionary according to the information that will come to us.

I wanted to check various things before posting from whence this delay. Arvind Jolly does not answer my questions and Naqshmumra ceased any contact after the very first ones.

Fortunately RK Gupta is much more accessible. I count on 4d for a translation in English on his blog, in order to send it for information and comments to RK Gupta, but also to Dahnhardt.

I count very much on Christian for the continuation of the history thanks to his reading of the autobiography of Babuji, the founder of the myth Sahaj Marg…


About the sources of Sahaj Marg

(Last version: September 22, 2007)

The current official legend within the SRCM® affirms that Sahaj Marg is a ex-nihilo creation of Lalaji who transmitted it to its only legitimate successor, Babuji. Historical research recently undertaken starts to tell a very different story.

1 Prehistoric origins of Sahaj Marg

Lalaji was first and foremostl the disciple of a Sufi Master, but perhaps he also drew a little of his inspiration from the Hindu Masters of Santmat. He probably did not follow the teachings of one single Master; also, he had many disciples and charged many with spreading his teachings.

a) The Naqshbandiyya Sufi Order

The Sufi order of Naqshbandiyya penetrated in India in the 16th century, after other brotherhoods like Chishtiyya, Suhrawardiyya and Qâdiriyya. In 1526, Baber, descendant of Gengis Khan, founds the dynasty of the Great Mongols. In his footsteps, Baqi Billah (deceased about 1598), 24th Master of the Sufi line is established in Delhi. His successor Shaykh Ahmad Farouqi Sirhindi is the creator of a new Sufi order, Naqshbandiyya Mujaddidiyya. The Mongols reign as absolute Masters in India, Sufi teaching is very strict.

1. Prophet Muhammad ibn Abd Allah
2. Abou Bakr as-Siddiq
3. Salman al-Farsi
4. Qassim ibn Muhammad ibn Abou Bakr
5. Jafar as-Sadiq
6. Tayfour Abou Yazid al-Bistami
7. Aboul Hassan Ali al-Kharqani
8. Abou Ali al-Farmadi
9. Abou Yaqoub Youssouf al-Hamadani
10. Aboul Abbas, al-Khidr
11. Abdoul Khaliq al-Ghoujdawani
12. Arif ar-Riwakri
13. Khwaja Mahmoud al-Anjir al-Faghnawi
14. Ali ar-Ramitani
15. Muhammad Baba as-Samassi
16. as-Sayyid Amir Koulal
17. Muhammad Baha'ouddin Shah Naqshband
18. Ala'ouddin al-Boukhari al-cAttar
19. Ya'Qoub al-Charkhi
20. Oubeydoullah al-Ahrar
21. Muhammad az-Zahid
22. Darwish Muhammad
23. Muhammad Khwaja al-Amkanaki
24. Muhammad al-Baqi bi-l-Lah
25. Ahmad al-Farouqi as-Sirhindi
26. Muhammad al-Masoum
27. Muhammad Sayfouddin
28. as-Sayyid Nour Muhammad al-Badawani

The 16th century marks the apogee then the decline of the Mongols.

The Marathes, Indians of the west towards Maharashtra, benefit from it to create a Hindu kingdom in 1674. They become the Masters of India at the beginning of the next century. In this context, Mirza Mazhar “Zanzana” (1701-1781), disciple of the 28th Master of the Sufi line, creates a new branch of the order, Mazahariyya, an attempt at syncretism between the 4 Indian Sufi brotherhoods and certain traditional Hindu teaching. The Sufi order resulting from Mirza Mazhar is firmly established in Uttar Pradesh, an area in northern India.

29. Hadhrat Mirza Mazhar Jaan-I-Jaanan
30. Hadhrat Abdullah Naimullah Shah
31. Hadhrat Mawla' Na Muradullah
32. Hadhrat Sayyed Abul Hasan Sa' eed r.a
33. Hadhrat Mawla' Na Khalifa Ahemad Ali Khan

b) The Hujur-Lalaji Couple

After the Mongols and Marathes, India comes under British domination. Resistance against the invader is organized from within the religious communities in spite of calls for the unity of the Indian people by Gandhi. The end of the 19th century is marked by the Community regrouping, in particular in Uttar Pradesh from where will emerge the Indian national Congress in 1885 and the seeds of the Moslem League (1906) until the partition of 1947.

In this context of inter-religious tension, and contrary to their famous predecessors, Maulana Shah Fazl Ahmad Khan (Hujur or Huzur Maharaj) and his disciple Ramchandra Lalaji try a new synthesis of the Hindu teaching and the Sufi teaching, completely against current of the recent history dominated by the religious community regrouping.

34. Maulana Shah Fazl Ahmad Khan (1838 or 57-1907)
35. Maulana Abdul Ghani Khan (1867-1952)
36. Mahatma Ramchandra Laalaaji (1873-1931)

Lalaji becomes the first Hindu Master of this Sufi Order, without having to convert to Islam.

The image is very strong, but it masks a work of much more important by the Hujur-Lalaji couple on their spiritual teaching. They did not only overflow the religious barriers as had done Mirza Mazhar, but according to Thomas Dähnhardt, they intentionally highlighted equivalences between the Sufi and Hindu spirituality to abolish the inter-religious boundaries.

c) A Multitude of Legitimate Successors

As previously seen, Sufism consists of a multitude of orders, branches and streams. The same applies in the Indian traditions where the guru, Sant Pîr and other great spiritual personalities have many legitimate successors who have themselves several Masters.

It is also what Lalaji would have done, as a disciple, starting with Sufism and continuing with the practice of Sant Mat and of Radhasoami. And according to NaqshMuMRa Nexus, he would have had 212 disciples whom he charged with spreading his teaching called “Naveen Sadhana” in their respective areas, while inviting them to also follow other Masters.

The list of the movements which result is rather long (NaqshMuMra Nexus lists 8 of them), here are some among the most known:

- NaqshMuMRa, contraction of Naqshbandiyya Mujaddidiyya Mazhariyya Ramchandriyya, new branch of the order soufi, resulting from Lalaji and controlled by his direct descendants.

- Ramashram Satsang, a nebula of geographical groups, with local Hindu Masters.

- Akhil Bhartiya Santmat Satsang (ABSS), founded in 1969 in Anangpur (District of Faridabad in Haryana) by the disciple of a nephew of Lalaji.

- The Golden Delicious Sufi Center (California), alternative of the Sufi Order passing through another nephew of Lalaji

Other famous personalities also claim lineage from Lalaji, such as Thakur RAM Singhji or Doctor Chandra Gupta. It is also necessary to mention the movement "Saral Hari Marg" of Dr. Harnarayan Saxena (1908-2003), also asserting lineage from Lalaji, which made a short appearance on the Web before disappearing from it.

There remains finally the direct current apparently resulting from Lalaji (in a dream) which was created most tardily (13 years after Lalji's death), namely the "Sahaj Marg" of RAM Chandra of Shahjahanpur (Babuji), in 1945. But that is another story!

So that his teachings spread, Lalaji entrusted several of his disciples the care of disseminating it in their respective areas.

i) The family of Lalaji and NaqshMuMRa

Lalaji did not follow alone the teachings of Hujur, his Master, but did so with his brother Raghubal Dayal (1875-1947), also called Chachchaji. Also, both had children who spread their teachings. Lalaji had 2 sons and 8 girls, but only one of them (sons) came to my knowledge (showed up in my research). It is Jagmohan Narain (1901-44).

He (Jagmohan Narain) had 2 sons: Akilesh KUMAR (1941-74) and Dinesh KUMAR Saxena (born in 1944). This latter one had a son Himanshu Vikram, who is the administrator of his website “NaqshMuMRa Nexus”. All are from Fatehgarh (District of Farrukhabad - Uttar Pradesh).

Raghubal Dayal (aka Chachaji Maharaj) had 3 sons: Brij Mohan Lal (aka Hudurwala) (1898-1955), Radha Mohan Lal (1900? - 1966) and Jyotendra Mohan Lal. All this family is established in Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh). Radha Mohan Lal and his wife Sushila Devi had 3 sons: Virendra Nath, Satendra Nath and “Baboo” Narendra Nath Saxena. (Note: Apparently, there is another son of Rhada Moan Lal Sri Ravindra Nath Saxsena. He is the only living son of Bhai Sahib. He is 75 now and lives in Kanpur. He is the only child from Bhai Sahib’s first marriage. Bhai Sahib also had 2 daughters. The oldest, Durga, is gone. Sushila Devi apparently named her 2nd son, Satendra to succeed his father.

Lalaji, 36th Master of the Sufi lineage is also the first Hindu Master of a new branch of the Ramchandriyya Order. In summary, NaqshMuMRa stands for Naqshbandiyya Mujaddidiyya Mazhariyya Ramchandriyya. It is the family lineage where his (Lalaji's) brother succeeds him for a time before relinquishing the place to his (Lalaji’s) son, Jagmohan Narain then successively to his (Lalaji’s) 2 grandsons.

37. Raghubar Dayal (Chachchaji) Ji Maharaj (1875-1947)
38. Jagmohan Narain Ji Saaheb (1901-1944)
39. Akhilesh KUMAR Ji (1941-1974)
40. Dinesh KUMAR Saxena, (born on October 28, 1944)

ii) Ramashram Satsang

Lalaji did not only have disciples in his family. He apparently had 212 (disciples) according to NaqshMuMRa Nexus, including 9 “functionaries” and 8 organizations would have been given the responsibility to spread his teachings.

The main one is the stream of the “Ramashram’s”. This movement would be managed from Fatehgarh by Ramashram Sansthan of which I did not find a trace, but from I gathered, we could be refering to NaqshMuMRa. It has at least 5 other local variations: prefixes “Ramashram Satsang” + suffix “place name”.

One thus finds in Uttar Pradesh:

-Ramashram Satsang Etah founded in 1923 by Dr. Chaturbhuj Sahai (1883-1957), then moved to Mathura in 1951, the movement is still very active today
- Ramashram Satsang Sikandarabad founded by Dr. Shri Krishna Lal in 1921
- Ramashram Satsang Shyam Nagar founded by Shri Ranaji Saheb a few kilometres from Gursahaiganj, in the district of Kannauj
- Ramashram Satsang Ghaziabad
- Ramashram Satsang in Jaipur in the neighbouring Rajasthan, founded by Thakur RAM Singhji (1898-1971), another movement that is still active today.

iii) Other Current Streams and Known Personalities

Brij Mohan Lal (called Dadda Ji), son of Raghubal Dayal and nephew of Lalaji, had a disciple named Yashpal Ji or Pujya Bhai Sahab ji (1918 -?). This one founded “Akhil Bhartiya Santmat Satsang” (ABSS) in 1969 in Anangpur (District of Faridabad in Haryana).

Radha Mohan Lal (sometimes called Guruji), also son of Raghubal Dayal and nephew of Lalaji, had several known disciples who attained a certain amount of fame

Dr. Chandra Gupta, who also often frequented Thakur RAM Singhji
(see RK Gupta website:

Irina Tweedie (1907-1999), founder of the “Golden Sufi Center” in California, which draws up very a totally different lineage than that of the NaqshMuMRa, by erasing Hujur and Lalaji to insert only Radha Mohan Lal, and herself (and her successor) obviously). Irina Tweedie's book Daughter of Fire, published by the Golden Sufi Center describes her Sufi training by Radha Mohan Lal, whom she calls Bhai Sahib. The Golden Sufi Center in California is the vehicle for the work of the Naqshbandiyya-Mujaddidiyya Order of Sufism in the West.

29. Mîrzâ Mazhar Jânjânân
30. Na'îmullâh Bahrâichî
31. Muradulla
32. Abul Hasan
33. Ahmad Ali Khan
34. Abdul Gani Khan
35. Radha Mohan Lal (Bhai Sahib)
36. Irina Tweedie
37. Llewellyn Vaughan-Lee

Still remaining is the current directly resulting from Lalaji which was created much later, namely the Sahaj Marg of Ram Chandra, Babuji, in 1945. But that is another story! There is also the Saral Hari Marg of Dr. Harnarayan Saxena.

2 Syncretism of the Teachings

According to Thomas Dähnhardt, Hujur, the Sufi and Lalaji, the Hindu, voluntarily set up a syncretic spiritual teaching to abolish the barriers between religions. The 11 principles of Naqshbandiyya preached already the silent meditation on the heart and the constant remembrance of the Divine presence. The Master pours divine energy into the heart of his disciple by liberating him from his impure thoughts. The principal responsibility for the spiritual evolution of the candidate rests in the hands of his Master, provided that he comes into daily contact with his guru by the means of the meditation (morning, evening and before sleeping).

Their successors proceeded in this way by dissociating practice and the spiritual theory. The practice remained nearly identical, while the theory remained Islamic with the adherents of the Sufi Order whereas it was re-hindu-ised in the “Ramashram” stream. The terms in Arabic or Persan were replaced by their Sanskrit or Hindi equivalents. The references to the Q’uran and Muhammed were replaced by the Upanishads and Lord Krishna.

This work had previously been completed already by Kabir providing the foundations of Santmat in 15th century, but also before him by the other famous unknown, Sufism, spreading its roots into Hinduism, and conversely. It still remains, no less, that no other group denies the respective historical contributions of the two religions and all speak about the various Masters who are at their origins. No group except Babuji’s Sahaj Marg…

3) Bibliographical Sources

a) Sufism in India

- R.K. Gupta: Sufi saints and Sufism:

- Also from the same author:
- “Yogis in silence - the Great Sufi Masters”

- Line Droel: “Sufism in India: Chishtiyya and Naqshbandiyya”

- Thomas Dähnhardt: “Change and Continuity in Indian Sufism”
- (A Naqshbandi-Myjaddidi Branch in the Hindu Environment) - 447 p.
- Islamic Heritage in Cross-Cultural Perspectives No 3 - 2002 - ISBN: 8124601704
- see also:

- Golden Delicious Chain Naqshbandi: (French)

- B.B. Basuk: “Lakshvedhi Genealogy”, 1985 (3rd English edition under reserve) Genealogical Chronology of the Saints in the Naqshbandia Mujaddidia Order

b) Successors of Lalaji

- NaqshMuMRa:

- Ramashram Satsang Mathura:

- Ramashram Sansthan and Jaipur, by Arvind Jolly:
- and

- Akhil Bhartiya Santmat Satsang (ABSS):

- Golden Sufi Center - California:


Anonymous said...


Day by day your researches are going hi-fi. Congrats ! Good work of re-search. Its really thought provoking and as I observed earlier its really a wonderful investigative bloggism ( does this word exist ? investigative journalism what you call that in bloggers world ? bloggism? If this word is great may that be so that bloggism spreads)

4d-Don said...

Hi anonymous...

Thanks for your congrats...on my "investigative bloggism" or "bloggerism"

It is not too late for me to learn something new eh?? ;-))

Next is a definitive history of Babuji who 14 years after Lalaji
died, he founded SRCM...Why wait that long and attend satsang with other groups in the meantime etc..

There is more intrigue there as well as when Chari took over...That will come out soon by SP Srinivasa, interim president of SRCM after Babuji died and Umesh became President. Then Chari went and registered SRCMtm in California, USA and SMRTI or SMSF in Austin Texas...

Thanks for the encouragement...




Anonymous said...

many congratulations are due to everyone involved in this, keep it up. The truth will out!

There are many murky episodes connected with the Chari takeover that could do with some light too.

Anonymous said...

Thank you for your informative work about Lalaji's tradition and family history, a valuable addition to understanding this unique blending of Sufi and Hindu masters.

I have a couple of corrections to add. The transmission that came to the West from Radha Mohan Lal through his disciple Irina Tweedie, is known as The Golden Sufi Center,, which is the is the vehicle for the work of the Naqshbandiyya-Mujaddidiyya Order of Sufism in the West. Irina Tweedie's book Daughter of Fire, published by the Golden Sufi Center describes her Sufi training by Radha Mohan Lal, whom she calls Bhai Sahib. The Golden Chain of this lineage can be found at

The web page you mention: - belongs to the Naqshbandi Haqqani lineage, which is a different Sufi order.

4d-Don said...

Hi Barbara...

Thanks for the comments...I made the corrections you mentionned

If there is anything else to correct or adjust, please let me know

Information sets us free!!


kenny9 said...

Nice info! But to really approach 100% accuracy..

Bhai Sahib...(Radha Mohan Lal) was born in 1900)

Bhai Sahib’s father was know affectionately to his disciples as “Chachaji Maharaj”

Bhai Sahib had one more son you did not mention. Sri Ravindra Nath Saxsena.He is the only living son of Bhai Sahib. He is 75 now and lives in Kanpur. He is the only child from Bhai Sahib’s ist marriage.Bhai Sahib also had 2 daughters. The gone.

Most of Bri Mohan Lal‘s disciples called him affectionately..”Hudurwala“
He was a saint of incredible spiritual power.

Nice Blog!
Thanks for the service!

Kenny D

4d-Don said...

Hi kenny D

Thanks for the comments and the info.

I have added it to the article as a "unverified addendum"... I presume it is correct but verification will be done this summer as time allows...


Anonymous said...

I believe that you have some wrong information. Irina Tweedie passed on in 1966, not 1999, and, therefore couldn't have established the Golden Sufi Center in CA. Her successor, Llewellyn Vaughn-Lee did that.

Anonymous said...

Hi anonymous...

NO! I believe you have it wrong. Re-check your sources please...

According to my info, Irina Tweedie retired in 1992, but passed from this existence in 1999. Her disciple, Llewellyn Vaughn-lee can be credited with creating the Golden Sufi Center (by some) as he was named as her "replacement" in 1991, but she was not out of retirement until 1992... So...??

Thanks for the comment....


Anonymous said...

Just curious, Are you the same 'Don' Chariji referred in his speeches when he visited Eason,Canada few years back ?

Are you the same one who had 'near death' experience ?


4d-Don said...

Hi anonymous...

No, that was Don Sabourin, Babuji's nurse and doctor (homeopathic) when he died. He is also the one who Chari claims, was witness to Babuji naming him his "successor". Kasturi was allegedly a witness also.

Don told me that he received an electric shock from a faulty fan, and his heart stopped ... and then it re-started ... MIRACLE!! The serfs were impressed and Babuji is now a SAINT ... ;-))

Kasturi now denies it (see her 1995 speech) ...

And Babuji's alleged letter of succession is now on-line for all to see and decided for themselves, and it looks "SUSPICIOUS"...If one looks at the writing of Babuji in other letters... The style is not the same and the wording is very "amateurish".


4d-Don said...

Hi all..

See scans of both letters of Succession (Chari and Umesh, Babuji's son) allegedly both signed by Babuji at different times ... See also scan of envelope with dates... ( remember that Babuji reported to the police that 4 official Mission letterheads were lost (stolen) from the mission)...


KK said...

Dear Sir,

With deep regards, Thanks for very detailed information. Are u aware of a realised living teacher in India. I desperately searching for one.

Shall be very grateful


4d-Don said...

Hi KKS...

To seek the truly Eternal or a "living teacher" in India as anywhere among the Earthly distractions of the "humans", one must look "inside" and not use any of the 5 physical senses (eyes, nose, ears, taste, touch)...

That leaves what is called ESP or Extra sensory perception. Reach for ONE-ness or "SPIRIT" which is ONE and do not follow the "spirits of the dead" and/or their messages written by "mediums" as if they were from "beyond the grave", but go to the higher dimensions of matter/energy the sages call: "SPIRIT" or ONE ... Then you may access ONE or the ONE-ness of ALL, and either ONE or ALL or NOTHING (Bhuddism?) may be your "living Master"

... but it is inside you... not "outside" in the ashrams, and in the temples, Churches etc...or at the feet of a very human "guru" or "master" ... These are all very "temporal" entities and not "eternal" ...

What dwells in the Physical world and what is sold as wisdom, is RELIGION and SPIRITUALISM (or the realm of the spirits, with their mediums, egregores, incantations, prayers, rituals, etc...)

Spirituality is inside all of us ... do not look for it outside yourself ... If you have to look, and move, to listen, to touch, to taste to reach ONE (what some call "god", then your concept of ONE is not EVERTHING, EVERYWHERE, and EVERYWHEN (the E-Trinity) and you are chasing the material, the physical or "spiritualism", and the MATERIAL has many tender and alluring snares and traps

Find ONE inside ...

Don ...